GEOGRAPHICAL SKILLS – 5c Grid References

Landscape features and places (both human and physical) can be located on an Ordnance Survey map through the use of grid references and grid squares.


The ‘Eastings’ and ‘Northings’ are the numbers around the edge of an OS map.

To pinpoint a place you take the Eastings number first, then the Northing (along the corridor and up the stairs).

You also need an the two letter code (e.g. SK 2607)

Six-figure grid references enable more accurate readings, as two more figures give the exact location within the grid square identified through the four-figure grid reference.

How to take a 4-figure grid reference

How to take a 6-figure grid reference

Understanding Magnetic North

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. BBC – Grid references
  2. Map Zone – Grid References
  3. Internet Geography – Map Skills

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