HUMAN GEOGRAPHY – 3b(i) India & its People
India is the 7th largest country (by area) in the world, and is home to the second largest amount of people with 1.25 billion inhabitants (behind China – 2016). Mumbai is the largest city in India (12.4 million inhabitants) although it is not the capital city. New Delhi is the capital city of India, and it has a population of 16.8 million people. Mumbai has a moderate climate with an average temperature around 25 degrees celcuis.
India is in Asia, and most of it forms a peninsula that juts out into the ocean. The Bay of Bengal is to the southeast of India, with the southwest being on the Arabian Sea. To the north of the country is the world’s tallest mountain range – the Himalayas.
The Himalayas are home to some of India’s rarest animals and plants. Snow leopards, bears, tigers and rhinoceros can all be found in the mountain range.
The land in India varies greatly from the Thar Desert in the west of India to the jungles in the northeast. Northern India is almost all covered by a large fertile area called the Ganges Plain. This has been formed due to soil being deposited by the rivers that run from the Himalayas, especially the largest river in India – the Ganges.
In India the society is divided into different social ranks that are called castes. A persons’ caste is determined by birth and there is almost no way to change it. India is also a very spiritual country, but has no official religion. More than 80% of Indian people are Hindu, 13% are Muslim, and other less popular religions include Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
In India cows are sacred animals and cannot be harmed. In the cities they are able to roam freely through the street, which often causes large traffic jams!
Sights and Sounds of India
Amazing Facts about India
India is the country with the second largest population (behind China). As it is such a large and population country it is really diverse.
India is a land of great cultural diversity, as is shown by the enormous number of different languages spoken throughout the country. Although Hindi (spoken in the north) and English (the language of politics and business) are used officially, more than 1,500 languages and dialects are spoken. The Indian constitution recognizes 15 regional languages (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu).
India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, collectively known as Indian religions. Hinduism and Buddhism are the world’s third and fourth largest religions, with over 1 billion followers altogether. Throughout India’s history, religion has been an important part of the country’s culture. Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by the law and custom.
The Indian flag has three equal horizontal bands of saffron (top), white, and green, with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band. The saffron represents courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation; the white signifies purity and truth whilst the green stands for faith and fertility; the blue chakra symbolizes the wheel of life and peaceful change.
When learning about a country it is important to learn a few key facts. Here are some facts about the populaiton of Inida:
– Prime Minister: Narendra Modi
– Major towns: Mumbai, Calcutta, Bangalore
– Population: 1.252 billion (in 2013)
– Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 67 years (women)
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