North America is the third largest of the world’s continents, and is almost entirely within the Northern Hemisphere. It lies between the Arctic Cirle and the Tropic of Cancer.

The continent is very diverse as it extends for more than 8,000 km to within 800 km of the North Pole and the Equator. It covers an area of 9,355,000 square miles (24,230,000 square km).

Although Christopher Columbus is given lots of credit as having discovered America, there were plenty of people already living in North America prior to the Europeans having arrived. This included many Native American tribes in the United States and the Aztec civilization in what is now Mexico. In the 1600’s the Europeans quickly colonized and took over much of North America. The most populous country in North America, the United States, was formed in the late 1700’s.

When you are learning about different continents it is useful to learn some key facts. See if you can learn the following five facts about North America:

1) The longest river is the Mississippi River which is 5,960 km long

2) The largest lake is Lake Superior which is the largest lake in the world. It is 82,100 square kilometres.

3) The biggest country is Canada which is close to 10 million square kilometres in size. The UK could fit inside it 40 times!

4) The highest point in North America is 6,194m above sea level on top of Mount McKinley in Alaska.

5) The main languages spoken in North America are English, French and Spanish.

Geography of North America

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. National Geographic – North America
  2. Ducksters – North America
  3. Q-Files
  4. World Atlas – North America

Geography Home Page

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