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PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – 4f Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Tectonic plates are pieces of the rocky outer layer of the Earth known as the crust. These plates are constantly moving, and volcanoes, earthquakes and sometimes mountains are found at the plate boundaries.

Volcanoes and earthquakes can have devastating impacts upon people who live near by. It is really important that people understand the risks associated with living in earthquake zones, and building settlements close to volcanoes.

Use the resources on this page to develop your understanding of both earthquakes and volcanoes. Think how you would respond if you were to experience one of these tectonic events.

Learn About Planet Earth – Plate Tectonics

When studying earthquake and volcanoes there are some key terms you need to be able to use. As you explore this page, make sure you pay attention to these key words and their meanings:

CrustMantleInner core
Outer corePlate boundaryShield Volcano
MagmaLavaFocus
EpicentreMagnitude

Volcanoes

Earthquakes

Tsunamis

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. BBC – Volcanoes
  2. BBC – Earthquakes
  3. Animation of Earthquakes and Eruptions
  4. National Geographic – Earthquakes

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