PLACE KNOWLEDGE – 2b(i) France & its Location

France is probably best known for its food, fashion, history and language. As a tourist destination, it is the most visited country in the world

Paris is the capital city of France and is famous for its culture, having inspired countless European artists. Claude Monet, Pierre Renoir and Paul Cezanne all lived in Paris during the 19th century.

In 2012, Francois Hollande became France’s first Socialist Party president since Francois Mitterrand in 1981-95. France has the eurozone’s second-largest economy and is a leading industrial power, but has struggled to emerge from recession since 2008. As a country, France has a strong military and is particularly influential in Africa.

Explore further to find out more about the location of France, as well as some of its key geographical features.

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in France

Key facts about France:

  • Capital: Paris
  • Population: 63.5 million
  • Area: 543,965 sq km (210,026 sq miles)
  • Major language: French
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 78 years (men), 85 years (women)
  • Currency: Euro

Location of France (Orange area on the map below)


France is sometimes referred to as the ‘Hexagon’ because of its six-sided shape. It is a very diverse country with different parts having noticeably different climates, food, attractions and traditions.

France is about twice the size of Great Britain, and is home to 66.7 million people. It shares borders with six other countries:

  • Belgium
  • Luxembourg
  • Germany
  • Switzerland
  • Italy
  • Spain

France also borders the two small principalities of Andorra and Monaco.

The highest point in France is the summit of Mont Blanc. The mountain, which is the highest in the Alps, stands 4,810 m tall and is located on the border between Italy and France.

As well as its mainland, France also comprises of many overseas territories including French Guiana in South America, Martinique in the Caribbean, and Mayotte in the Southern Indian Ocean.

The climate of mainland France ranges from Mediterranean in the south to temperate and mild in the north.

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. Science Kids
  2. National Geographic Kids – France

Geography Home Page

Icons - Copy


Click here for KS2 Curriculum Dashboard (All Subjects)