PLACE KNOWLEDGE – 2b(ii) France – The Country

National Geographic – Destination France

France is located in Western Europe, however it also has territory in South America, the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean.

The terrain in the north and the west of France consists mainly of flat plains, or gently rolling hills, while the south and east regions are more mountainous.

The map below shows the relief (height of the land) across France – the darker the colour the higher the elevation of the land. The lowest point in France is in the Rhone river delta which is 2 m below sea level. In contrast, the peaks of its Alpine mountains reach almost 5,000 m above sea level.

Relief de la France et fleuves3

The climate in France is varied, with 4 main climatic zones. The Paris region is variable with summer temperatures averaging around 20 and 26 degrees celcius. Spring in Paris is relatively dry, while, on average, the wettest month is October, with 71mm of rain.

In the south, the Mediterranean coast has the driest climate of the whole of France and is particularly associated with warm weather perfect for holidays.

Here are some more fun facts to remember about France:

  • France’s coastline is 3,427 km long
  • The border between France and Monaco is only 6km.
  • More than 66.7 million people live in the country.
  • The camera phone was invented in France in 1997 by Philippe Khan.
  • Over 400 types of cheese are made in France.
  • The croissant was not invented in France, but is actuallly an Austrian creation.
  • France is the largest country in the EU by area, stretching across 547,000 square kilometres.
  • France is the most popular tourist destination in the world, with 82 million visitors annually – why do you think this is?

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. World Atlas
  2. Rough Guide to France
  3. Encyclopedia Britannica

Geography Home Page

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