PLACE KNOWLEDGE – 2c(i) Greece & its Location
|Location of Greece||Flag of Greece|
Greece is located in Southern Europe, between Albania and Turkey. It borders the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Turkey all border Greece. The coastline of Greece is an impressive 13,676 km in length.
Greece consists of a large mainland, two smaller peninsulas and a large number of islands. Some of the most well-known islands include Crete, Rhodes and Corfu.
80% of Greece is mountainous. The Pindus mountain range stretches across the centre of the country, with the highest points being 2,637 m above sea level. Aside from the Pindus mountains, Mount Olympus is the highest point in Greece at a height of 2,919 m above sea level.
The climate in Greece can be divided into three main classes. A mediterranean climate means some areas have mild and wet winters, followed by hot dry summers. An alpine climate is found in western Greece, and a temperate climate can also be experienced.
Due to its location, Greece often suffers from natural disasters such as severe earthquakes, floods, droughts and wildfires. They are also trying to manage problems with air and water pollution.
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