PLACE KNOWLEDGE – 2d(i) Brazil & its Location
The Flag of Brazil
Brazil is an incredibly diverse country. When you think of Brazil what do you think of? Tropical rainforests, colourful birds, noisy carnivals, golden beaches, or fancy football?
Brazil is the largest country in South America, and the fifth largest country in the world.
The first European to discover Brazil was Pedro Cabral, a Portuguese explorer, in 1500. He landed in South America on the way to India. Of course, Cabral was not the first person to set foot in Brazil as thousands of tribes of indigenous Indians also live in the country.
In the 18th century Brazil become the world’s largest producer of gold.
The national flag of Brazil has a green background with a dark blue sphere and yellow diamond in the centre. Each part of the flag has a special meaning:
- Green represents the lush vegetation that can be found in the country.
- Yellow represents wealth and riches.
- The dark blue sphere represents the colour of the sky in the tropics.
- Inside the sphere are 27 stars of different sizes, which represent the 26 states and one federal district that make up Brazil.
- In the middle of the sphere is a banner with the words ‘ordem e progresso’ on it, which means ‘order and progress’.
Brazil a Sensational Country
Here are some fun facts about Brazil. How many of them can you remember?
- Over 200,000,000 people live in Brazil.
- Portuguese is the most commonly spoken language in Brazil, though some people also speak German, English and Italian.
- The average life expectancy in Brazil in 69 years.
- About 86% of the adult population of Brazil can read (compared to 99% in the UK).
- Brazilian people love football and their national team has won the World Cup five times! This is the most of any country in the world.
Location of Brazil
razil is in South America and it is the fifth largest country in the world. Its official language is Portuguese. On the east of Brazil is the Atlantic Ocean, with a coastline of 7,491 km. Brazil shares land borders with Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana (so every South American country except for Chile and Ecuador!).
The landscape of Brazil is very diverse and varied with hills, mountains, plains, highlands and scrublands. Most of the country is between 200 m and 800 m above sea level.
Most of Brazil has a tropical climate, so there is no dry season. Temperatures are around 25 degrees Celsius on average.
The Amazon river basin includes a vast tropical rainforest which is home to an incredibly diverse range of wildlife, as well as many different types of protected habitats. The Amazon river is the second longest in the world and is actually the largest in terms of the volume of water that flows through it.
The Amazon rainforest represents over half of the remaining rainforest on the planet. Within the Amazon rainforest there are estimated to be 16,000 different species of tree. 2.5 million species of insect also live there, along with 2,000 species of birds and mammals. The rainforest is under a serious threat from deforestation, which is the conversion of forested areas to non-forested areas. This is mainly done to build human settlements on, to enable to land to be used for farming, or for extracting natural resources from below the ground. While the rate of deforestation is now slowing down, the rainforest, and all the species that live in it, are still under great threat. Governments around the world are working hard to slow the destruction of the rainforest and even trying to restore some parts that have already been destroyed.
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