PLACE KNOWLEDGE – 2d(ii) Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil, with a population of 6.3 million people. It is extremely popular as a tourist destination and has a vibrant city centre, fantastic history and heritage, as well as stunning beaches and landscapes. Over 2.8 million tourists visit Rio each year.
Rio de Janeiro was a host city during the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and two years later also hosted the 2016 Olympic Games.
One of the most iconic tourist attractions in Rio de Janeiro is the Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) statue. Shown in the photo on the left, the statue stands 98 feet tall and its outstretched arms measure 28 feet across. It was completed in 1931 and overlooks the city from high above.
About 6% of the population of Brazil live in favelas (or shanty towns), which is a total of about 11.3 million people. With an estimated population of 180,000 people, the Rocinha favela is Brazil’s largest favela and is found in Rio de Janeiro.
It is not uncommon for favelas to lack access to amenities taken for granted in many parts of the world, such as sewage systems and clean drinking water. Crime is also a common feature of the favelas, with some slums being so notorious that even police officers will often avoid entering them. Have a look at the image below – what do you think the main characteristics of favelas might be? What do you think it would be like to live in conditions like these?
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