Anglo-Saxons & Scots – 3a AD 410
What was England like?
England was a very different country 1,600 years ago when the Anglo-Saxons came. Most of the country was covered in thick oak forests and the population of one million people lived in the countryside. Most people were farmers.
There were many different kings, each one ruled over a different area of England. There was not one King/Queen like today
The Romans had invaded England and ruled over England for 400 years but in 410, the Romans left England because their homes in Italy were being attacked by fierce tribes and every soldier was needed back in Rome.
In the AD400s, towards the end of Roman rule, Britain was being attacked from almost every direction by the Picts and Scots from the north and the Anglo-Saxons from the sea. The Romans had built forts along the coast to fight off the sea-raiders and Hadrian’s wall defended the north. However, since the Romans had left Britain no longer had the strong Roman army to defend it from the invaders. There were many battles between Anglo-Saxons and Britons and gradually the Anglo-Saxons took control of most of Britain.
The Dark Ages describe the centuries after the end of the Roman rule. It is a time in history we have less evidence from. It is the time in history when the Saxons and Vikings came to Britain. It is called the Dark Ages because it was a time of upheaval and many wars.
The End of Roman Britain
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