KS2 History – Pre-Roman Britain – 1a Late Neolithic
What is Late Neolithic Britain? (New Stone Age)
Prehistoric Britain began when the first humans arrived in Britain and ended when the Romans conquered the ancient Britons and Britain became part of the Roman Empire.
The earliest humans were hunter-gatherers so they survived by hunting animals and finding food to eat. They then very gradually people learned new skills such as learning to herd animals and grow crops. Later on they discovered the secrets of making bronze and iron.
Prehistoric people couldn’t read or write but they were excellent builders. some of their tombs, forts and monuments have survived for thousands of years.
The prehistoric period is divided into three ‘ages’. They are known as the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age.
How do we know about prehistoric people?
Prehistoric people could not read and write so we have no writtten records. We know about their lives using archaeological evidence. Archeaologists work like detectives looking for evidence and they use this evidence to build up a picture of the past. The remains of homes and temples show how people lived and worshipped. Tools and weapons give clues about the way people worked and fought. Bumps and ridges in the landscape show the layout of ancient villages, fields and forts. Some of the best evidence comes from human remains. By examining human remains, experts can work out when a person lived. Sometimes they can even suggest what they looked like.
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