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Roman Britain – 2c Invasion

Successful invasion by Claudius.

In 43 A.D. Emperor Claudius launched a third and final invasion of Britain. Four Roman legions, led by General Aulus Plautius, landed in three locations on the coast of Britain – Richborough, Lympne and Dover. A large battle was fought between the Romans and the Celtic tribes near to the River Medway. The Romans emerged victorius, but it took many years to gain control of Britain, as many tribes (such as the Iceni led by Boudicca) continued to fight against Roman rule. The Roman invasion of Britain was a gradual process.

​​​​​​​The Romans were constantly making moves to extend the Roman Empire and push the boundaries of the land under Roman control. Having subdued the Celtic tribes in Gaul (modern day France), the Romans turned their attention to the tribes living in Britain. Britain was full of natural resources, and the Romans believed that it would be of great benefit to the Empire if the island could be successfully invaded.

Emperor Claudius

Julius Caesar had been the first Roman general to try and successfully invade Britain, but it was the Emperor Claudius who finally succeeded. The Romans were successful because they had new weapons, like huge catapults called ballistas. Claudius himself even turned up with a troop of war elephants to make sure the battle was won.

Britain took a long time to be conquered,  it took around 30 years for the Romans to control most of southern Britain. They gradually went further north, but did not succesfully invade Scotland.

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. BBC Bitesize
  2. BBC Primary History
  3. Primary Homework Help

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