Animals – Food Chains

Food chains show how energy from the sun is used by animals in a chain from plants through to animals and even humans.

All food chains start with a producer which is always a green plant that converts the suns energy into food.

Animals then eat the producer and are called consumers.

Sometimes animals eat other animals. These are called predators.


In the example in the picture above:

Grass is the producer which is first eaten by grasshoppers which are a consumer. The grasshoppers are eaten by frogs which are also consumers and predators. Frogs are eaten by snakes and finally at the top of the food chain is the Eagle which eats the snake.

For more examples see the Powerpoint below…

Watch the video below for an explanation of how food chains work…

Follow these hyperlinks to learn more:-

  1. BBC Bitesize Food Chains
  2. What are Food Chains?
  3. BBC Videos about Food Chains

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